Many of the African countries we know today have quite interesting birth stories. In the scramble for Africa, colonisation and the subsequent fight for independence, some countries emerged, but due to one reason or another, failed to maintain their independence and consequently stopped existing altogether.
Here are some of the modern African countries that no longer exist.
In 1960 after Congo became independent, the Katanga region decided to secede from the newly independent state. Referring itself as the Republic of Katanga, the country was ruled by the leader of the Confédération des associations tribales du Katanga (CONAKAT) political party, Moise Tshombe.
However, Katanga only existed until 1963 after United Nations suppressed the regime and forced Tshombe into exile in Zambia (then Northern Rhodesia) and later Italy.
Katanga was then reintegrated back into Congo and is now known as Katanga Province.
Between 1967 and 1970, there was a country in West Africa called Biafra. The unrecognised state seceded from Nigeria due to a variety of issues, among them politics and economic issues. Within six months of the existence of the newly independent state, the tide was already in favour of Nigeria, which had started blocking access to and from the region. It is reported that at least one million civilians died in the Biafra- Nigeria war due to hunger and starvation.
Biafra was reintegrated into Nigeria and cover the states of Anambra, Imo, Cross River and Rivers.
The place we know today as the capital city of Libya was once an independent republic called Tripolitania. It seceded from Libya in 1918, when Libya was an Italian colony. The region, formerly in Ottoman Empire’s control, declared its independence once the Italian troops were removed from the area after the World War I.
In 1919, Tripolitania signed a declaration of independence at the Paris Peace Conference.
However, it existed until 1923 because it did not receive the support from the international community.
Republic of Transvaal
Also known as the South African Republic, the Transvaal Republic was an independent state between 1852 to 1902. It won against the British during the Boer War I but eventually lost in Boer War II and became the Transvaal colony.
The British also suppressed an uprising called the Maritz Rebellion in 1915.
The state is now part of the Republic of South Africa and covers a number of provinces including Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North West.