Bronze casting in Edo was established in the 14th century by Oba Oguola. As a matter of fact it was only commissioned and used for royal affairs.
It is no secret that the Benin signature head bronze works were forcefully taken by the western imperialists.
Benin was an important empire in the history of Nigeria because it rose to international fame for its artworks which were exported to different parts of Europe and the rest of the world.
The Empire of Benin was a trading one that was highly organized and efficient. Benin was the first Nigerian territory that rivaled any contemporary European power in terms of governance and function.