The annual report by the United Nations Development Programme usually measures a number of factors to give a comprehensive overview of development. Thus, instead of focusing on economic growth, it looks at other factors such as health and life expectancy, education and standard of living, according to the recently released Human Development Index (HDI) for 2018.
According to the report, a number of challenges still exist despite the progress that has been seen in the world. Issues such as poverty and exclusion, inequality and conflict, and climate change are among the top issues to be addressed.
According to the UNDP administrator, Achim Steiner, these issues can only be addressed by focusing on both the local and global context.
The report sampled 189 countries and territories, rating them on how they performed in the three main categories.
Here is how Africa’s top 10 countries fared.
At position 62, Seychelles is Africa’s first country on the list with 73.7 in life expectancy, 9.5 mean years of schooling against 14 expected years and 26,077 in Gross National Income per Capita.
In second place is Mauritius ranked 66 globally. It posted 74.9 in life expectancy, 9.3 mean against 15.1 years of schooling and 20,189 GNI per capita.
In third place is Algeria, ranked 85, about 20 places below Africa’s second most developed country. Algeria had a life expectancy of 76.3, a mean of 8.0 against an expected 14.4 years in school and a GNI per capita of 13,802.
This North African country has been ranked 95, making it the fourth in the continent with a life expectancy of 75.9, a mean of 7.2 against an expected 15.1 years in school and a GNI per capita of 10,275.
Coming at number five is Botswana, which posted a life expectancy of 67.6, a mean of 9.3 against an expected 12.6 years in school and a GNI per capita of 15,534.
Despite the crisis the country is going through, Libya ranked 6th on the continent and 108 globally. It had a life expectancy of 72.1 years, a mean of 7.3 against an expected 13.4 years in school and a GNI per capita of 11,100.
Ranked at 11o globally, Gabon is 7th on the continent with a life expectancy of 66.5 years, a mean of 8.2 against an expected 12.8 years in school and a GNI per capita of 16,431.
Ranked at #113, South Africa is 8th on the continent. It has a life expectancy of 63.4 years, a mean of 10.1 against an expected 13.3 years in school and a GNI per capita of 11,923.
Coming at #9 is Egypt, which is ranked 114 globally. The country posted a life expectancy of 71.7 years, a mean of 7.2 against an expected 13.1 years in school and a GNI per capita of 10,355.
Ranked #123, Morocco is 10th on the continent. It has a life expectancy of 76.1 years, a mean of 5.5 against an expected 12.4 years in school and a GNI per capita of 7,340.